January 23, 2009

This article describes how to install Tomcat 6 behind the Apache web server. This allows Apache to serve the static content and Tomcat to handle the dynamic content of your site. It assumes you have already installed Apache and that the operating system is Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid.

First we need to install Java on our system. We can use aptitude if we set our software sources correctly. To check, open the software sources list:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Add the following two lines:
deb http://za.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid main restricted
deb http://za.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid multiverse

Update the repository:
sudo aptitude update

Now we can install Java:
sudo aptitude install sun-java6-jre

Confirm the Java installation by entering the following:
java -version

You should see output similar to "java version 1.6.0_10"

Installing Tomcat 6

The following command installs Tomcat 6 with the admin and example applications:
sudo aptitude install tomcat6 tomcat6-admin tomcat6-examples

The admin and example applications are optional. The admin applications provides quick and easy monitoring of the Tomcat server via a browser. The example applications help new users learn Tomcat and Java servlet programming.

To test the installation, point your web browser to http://server-name:8080, replacing server-name with the name or ip-address of your server. Be sure to add port 8080 to the end of the address. If you are installing Tomcat on your local machine, use localhost as the server name. Your browser should display the tomcat welcome page.

Previous versions of Tomcat required extra steps to set the java home variable and to automatically start tomcat when booting, but with Tomcat 6 this should be taken care of for you. You can view the Tomcat startup script in /etc/init.d/tomcat6.

Running Tomcat behind Apache

For this section, I assume you already have Apache installed. To connect Apache and Tomcat we need to install mod_jk:
sudo aptitude install libapache2-mod-jk

Installing mod_jk automatically adds it to Apache's list of enabled modules. If you already have it and need to enable it, issue the command:
sudo a2enmod jk

Next we need to modify Apache's configuration files to point specified paths of your site to Tomcat. First create a workers file that contains connection properties to Tomcat.
sudo nano workers.properties

Add the following lines to the file:

# This file provides minimal jk configuration properties needed to
# connect to Tomcat.
# We define a worked named 'default'



This creates a worker named "default" which connects to the Tomcat ajp port 8009. Now we make Apache aware of this file and tell it how to log jk information. Open apache2.conf:
sudo nano /etc/apache2/apache2.conf 

Add the following lines to the bottom of the file:

# Where to find workers.properties
JkWorkersFile /etc/apache2/workers.properties

# Where to put jk logs
JkLogFile /var/log/apache2/mod_jk.log

# Set the jk log level [debug/error/info]
JkLogLevel info

# Select the log format
JkLogStampFormat "[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y] "

Next we tell Apache which paths of your site to let Tomcat serve. Site configuration files reside in /etc/apache2/sites-available/. If Apache serves one site you can edit the default site. Open the site configuration file and add the following between the VirtualHosts tags:

# JkOptions indicate to send SSL KEY SIZE,
JkOptions +ForwardKeySize +ForwardURICompat -ForwardDirectories

# JkRequestLogFormat set the request format
JkRequestLogFormat "%w %V %T"

# Tomcat serves everything by default
JkMount / default
JkMount /* default

# Apache serves the following URLs
JkUnMount /static default
JkUnMount /static/* default
JkUnMount /photos default
JkUnMount /photos/* default

Notice the JKMount and JKUnMount lines. These settings enable Tomcat to serve all paths by default, and Apache to handle the /static and /photos paths. Adjust accordingly to your site. Next restart Apache so the changes take effect:
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Point your web browser to you site, leaving off the trailing port number. You should see the Tomcat welcome page. Congratulations! You now have a Tomcat server running behind Apache!

January 18, 2009

at Sunday, January 18, 2009 Labels: Posted by Billy 0 comments

While setting up my new Ubuntu server, I discovered a great set of articles about server configuration thanks to Slicehost. The articles outline typical installations of apache, php, mysql and more.